Common hazel

Common hazel nuts are used mostly for food (fresh or fried nuts, confectionery products, chocolate industry), but it has also pharmaceutical uses (oils, soaps). It can be also used for horticultural purposes. Some kinds of charcoal are produced from its wood. Nut oils are used for oil paints and some other technical purposes.

Major threats are not reported. Eventually, high numbers of deer, livestock and squirrels may limit regeneration. Conifer planting and the discontinuance of woodland management can reduce its abundance locally. Eastern Filbert Blight (EFB), which is caused by the fungus Anisogramma anomola is fatal to trees in the US but it can be controlled by right management.

IMAGE REFERENCE:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corylus_avellana
Latin name:
Corylus avellana L.
Order, Familiae:
Fagales, Betulaceae
Part of specie used:
Bark, Leaves, Nuts, Wood
Usage:
Foodstuff, Horticulture, Pharmaceutical
ID & ECOLOGY

Common hazel is a deciduous shrub/tree with its height from 3 m to 8 m (15 m), leaves are rounded, hairy on both surfaces. Flowers are monoecious and they are blooming from December to march. Pollination is done by wind. Fruits are ripening in a period from July to September. Fruits are nuts which can be produced in a group up to five together. They are spherical to oval shaped and located in a shell. The nuts contain high content of protein and unsaturated fat also rich in magnesium, copper, manganese, thiamine, vitamin E.

This specie grows mostly in medium – continental zone and Mediterranean climate. Common hazel requires a lot of sun and sufficient moisture in soils, with pH in a range of 5,0 – 8,0. The best types of soil for growth of common hazel are skeletal and carbonate clays. Average precipitation rate is 700 – 800 mm/year and average temperatures 9 – 14 °C.

MANAGEMENT

Common hazel has been managed by coppicing in the past. Today it is mostly grown in orchards in order to produce food (cultivated as a fruit shrub).

TRADE

Source: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/QC

Source: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/QC

Source: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/QC/E

Source: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/QC/E

REFERENCES

Borzan, Ž., Tree and Shrub Names – Latin, Croatian, English, German, Hrvatske šume, 2001
Krpina, I., Voćarstvo, Nakladni zavod Globus, 2004
Wanjiku, J., Bohne, H., Drought Reactions of Different Provenances of Corylus avellana L., Conference: Tropentag, At Hohenheim, Germany, Volume: ISBN.978-3-95404-498-6, 2013

NWFPS.ORG IS POWERED BY
incredible logo

The INCREDIBLE project aims to show how Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) can play an important role in supporting sustainable forest management and rural development, by creating networks to share and exchange knowledge and expertise. ‘Innovation Networks of Cork, Resins and Edibles in the Mediterranean basin’ (INCREDIBLE) promotes cross-sectoral collaboration and innovation to highlight the value and potential of NWFPs in the region.

flag_yellow_high

Innovation Networks of Cork, Resins and Edibles in the Mediterranean basin’ (INCREDIBLE) project receives funding from the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme under grant agreement Nº 774632

NWFPS.ORG Knowledge Repository

Innovation Networks of Cork, Resins and Edibles in the Mediterranean basin (INCREDIBLE)

European non-wood forest products network

Unlocking the bioeconomy and non-timber forest products

The NWFPS.ORG Knowledge Repository webpage is designed to act as a long term legacy of various research activities and projects dealing with non-wood forest products. It hosts various information on researchers, research institutions and research topics from all around the globe.

If you need your project to remain alive for longer period of time, or you just need a project website, feel free to contact us at info[at]nwfps.org.

Whether you want your project to have a free domain in form of www.nwfps.org/[project-name] of other domain name of your choice (ending with .com, .org, .net, .eu, etc.), we can do the registration for you and point your domain to your content. All our servers provide free SSL encryption and can be rented for multiple years.

If you need just a simple website displaying your ‘About’ info or you need a more complex design to display your content, it can be arranged.

Not all of your content can be displayed in generic websites? Contact us for specific database development.

Stand out with your visuals! If you’re starting a project, you will need a visual identity. We can design your logotype and all other dissemination documents.

You also need a free email service? It can be done! There is no limit in number of e-mail addresses in form of [your-name]@nwfps.org. Spam protection can also be implemented.